Musicians and people related with music always wanted something
more than just a guitar. They always wanted a louder and more
powerful instrument. In 19th century, the traditional
guitar began to change in both size and shape, and hence a new
design arrived with louder and stronger sound-the archtop.
By the end of 1930s, electronic amplification proved to be the
most successful innovation in creating louder and stronger sound.
Jazz and Country music players were the first to use this electric
sound. Then 1940s and 1950s makers started building Spanish style
Electric Guitars for new sound.
The idea of using more powerful electric guitar, to create
louder sound, existed by the end of 19th century. But
during 1920 and 1930, makers began to face the real challenge and
start emphasizing on the electronic amplification.
It was almost around 1931, George Beauchamp, with Adolph
Rickenbacker produced an electromagnetic pick up, in which a
current passed through a coil of wire. The wire is wrapped around
the magnet. This creates a field which amplified the strings
vibration. Thus the first commercially viable electric guitar was
made “Frying Pan”.
By the end of 1930s many makers and musicians tried to adapt the
new technology on the Spanish Style hollow body Guitars, but
disappointed by their sound, and distortions. Inventors tried to
use the technology on solid bodies, rather than on hollow guitars.
Around 1940, inventor Les Paul, tried using the string and pickups
on solid block to minimize the vibration. During this 1940 Les Paul
and Leo Fender started experimenting this on Spanish Style Solid
During all these years the Electric Guitars feasibility were
highly debated, as a “real and true” instrument Electric Guitars
Pioneers of the 1930s and 1940s include jazzmen Eddie Durham and
Oscar Moore, country pickers Noel Boggs and Merle Travis, and blues
masters T-Bone Walker and Muddy Waters, all kept on experimenting
the new and harmonious sound.
While this experiment was going on, the emerge of roll and rock
music, in the 1950s made the sound of electric guitar more
powerful. While it was important to other genres, electric guitar
was the heart of the rock and roll genre. This genre is
particularly associated with the Spanish-Style solid body guitar.
Around, 1940 Les Paul experimented with this design, and in 1947
Paul Bigsby teamed up with country singer Merle Travis to design a
solid-body guitar that looks more the one we see today.
The success of Fender’s new style of electric Guitar has
influenced many manufacturers to produce this electric guitar.
Later, 1952 Gibson became the 1stbiggest competitor of
this Fender, introducing the 1st solid body electric
Guitar with the celebrity Les Paul.
By the 1960s electric Guitarists have became the superstars of
rock. Live performances on the large halls, increased the demand of
powerful electric Guitars. By then rock guitarists no longer aim to
achieve the clear and perfect tone; they began experimenting on the
new sound texture, like distortions.
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s guitarists continued
experimenting. Their new sound experiment produced loud, power
chords, and flashy solos, giving birth to the Heavy Metal.
Today after so many decades, Electric Guitars are very popular and are the Electric
Guitarists are loved and admired by all age groups, throughout the